At Computex 2017, Intel officially announced what had been rumoured for a long time: its range of enthusiast processors for HEDT PCs. HEDT stands for High-End DeskTop, and unlike in previous years, Intel didn’t simply launch Core i7 models: it introduced the Core i9 and added ‘X’ versions in the Core i5 range too.
Core i9-7900X is the first processor available in the
new range, but there are more coming: this 10-core, 20-thread chip is merely the entry level model. The range-topping i9-7980XE has 18 cores and 36 threads – a monster that will cost a frightening US$2000 when it launches later in the year.
Few consumers are going to be spending the best part of £2000 on just a CPU when you can buy a perfectly good gaming PC for less than this.
Core i9-7900X: Price
So what about the i9-7900X? It’s not cheap, that’s for sure. At
£885.98 from Scan, it’s still more than twice as expensive as an AMD Ryzen 7 1800X, which launched at £499, but now costs less than £420.
Ok, so it’s two cores (four threads) short compared to the i9-7900X, but it’s still a very powerful CPU. Gaming purists – those with unending cash to spend on their rigs, at least – might still opt for the Intel chip thanks to the current ‘issues’ with 3D performance in the AMD camp, but for everyone else, it does a decent job.
Also, consider that the
Ryzen Threadripper 1950X is the same price at £999, yet has 16 cores and 32 threads (and similar clock speeds).
Do I need a new motherboard?
It’s worth briefly explaining the whole HEDT range for 2017. The new chips will fit only in an LGA2066 socket and, yes, that means you’re going to need a new motherboard.
They also requires a new chipset: X299, the follow-up to X99. This doesn’t offer any major new features or support for forthcoming technologies, but it does have a lot of I/O.
It also adds support for DDR4 2666 RAM, up from DDR4 2400.
Full specs for the whole Core i9 range have yet to be announced, but it’s expected they’ll all have the same 44 PCIe lanes as the 7900X. This is four more than was available with Broadwell-E last year, and 20 more than Ryzen offers.
This may appeal if you want to run multiple M.2 SSDs, but note that the new enthusiast Core i7 and Core i5 have fewer lanes. The i5-7640X has only 16, as does the i7-7740X. These both lack support for quad-channel DDR4, too, as they’re effectively the existing i7-7700K and i5-7600K without their integrated GPU in an LGA2066 format.
The other two Core i7 models (7800X and 7820X) have 28 PCIe lanes. This – and their lower prices – puts them in more direct comparison with the Ryzen chips. Just note that the i5 is a quad-core CPU without hyper-threading, so pound for pound, Ryzen still gives you more threads.
Core i9-7900X: Features and design
The i9-7900X is a Skylake-X chip. This may sound like it’s old and outdated compared to the newer Kaby Lake (seventh-generation Core processors), but it isn’t.
Kaby Lake is really only an optimisation of Skylake, and all these chips use a 14nm manufacturing process. Skylake-X is actually based on Skylake-SP, which is used for Xeon chips. These are used in workstations and servers, and this means it has a few new features including more level 2 cache and new AVX-512 instructions. Also, rather than use a ‘ring’ bus to transfer data between cores, Skylake-X uses a mesh system where cores are connected to those next to them.
An easier-to-understand improvement is the new Turbo Boost Max 3.0. This lets the best two cores run a couple of hundred megahertz faster than the all-core boost frequency. For the 7900X, this means boosting from the base 3.3GHz to 4.3GHz on all cores, or 4.5GHz on the two best cores.
Of course, if you’re going to buy an unlocked enthusiast chip, you’re probably going to overclock it yourself and run it as fast as it will go all of the time.
However, there’s a problem here. Identified by
Tom’s Hardware, Intel uses thermal paste instead of solder between the actual CPU die and the metal heat spreader (the metal part onto which you add your own thermal paste before installing a cooler).
With previous enthusiast chips, Intel has used solder which is far better at conducting heat.
What this means is that you’re going to need a mega CPU cooler if you want to do any serious overclocking. Standard air coolers (and even closed-loop liquid coolers) will struggle to keep the i9-7900X from overheating even at stock speeds.
Core i9-7900X: Performance
Talking of performance, let’s get to the benchmarks. We installed our Core i9-7900X into an
Asus Strix X299-E Gaming motherboard (£300) along with Intel’s TS13X CLC (£89) an
Nvidia GTX 1080 Founders Edition (£539) and 8GB of Corsair Vengeance DDR4 3000MHz RAM (£69) and installed a fresh version of Windows 10 Home on a Corsair Force Series 3 120GB SSD (£69).
The Asus board is one of the cheaper X299 offerings: they can cost £400+. The Strix X299-E Gaming, though, offers plenty of SATA ports and – useful for CPUs that need a lot of power – both six- and eight-pin power connectors. It has Gigabit Ethernet, plus 802.11ac Wi-Fi onboard and a pair of M.2 SSD ports.
The absence of a really quick M.2 SSD makes a difference in the PCMark 8 tests, which measure overall system performance rather than zoning in on a particular component. However, it’s pretty obvious from the Cinebench and Geekbench tests that the i9-7900X is a powerful CPU.
Don’t forget, though, that Geekbench is a synthetic test and isn’t necessarily representative of real-world performance, whereas Cinebench is.
Also, remember when comparing the Ryzen 7 1800X that it lacks two cores and four threads, so it will always be proportionally behind the Core i9-7900X in tests which are heavily multithreaded.
Single-core performance shows that the Intel chip can hold its own with a massive 188 in Cinebench.
Plus, in some game tests, Intel holds the advantage over AMD, with a 7 percent lead in 3DMark Fire Strike and 8 percent in VRMark Orange room.
Should you buy a Core i9-7900X?
Ultimately it comes down to price. If you do hanker after a Core i9, you’ll have to buy an X299 motherboard to go with it. Even if you have all the other components, you’re still looking at almost £1200.
But sacrifice a couple of cores and you could get a Ryzen 7 1800X plus an X370 motherboard for under £600 – exactly half as much.
With the money saved you could buy a GTX 1080 and still get enough change for a power supply and some RAM. Or you could almost afford a 1080 Ti.
Intel Core i9-7900X: Specs
- 14nm x86 processor
- 10 cores, 20 threads
- 3.3GHz base clock
- 4.3GHz boost clock (4.5GHz with two cores)
- Memory support: Up to 128GB of quad-channel DDR4-2666
- 140W TDP